The hata-jirushi style banner is one of the three main styles of battlefield banner used during the warring-states period of Japanese history. The nobori banner has tabs along the top and one side, and its suspensory pole has a cross-piece. The sashimono is similar to a nobori, but is smaller and is typically used to mark an individual rather than a group. Jin-maku are not technically banners but are "curtains" used to surround and enclose a camp; for the camps of nobles, they often depicted the mon of the noble whose camp it was.
Banners for Groups
This banner is 100% linen, painted with the populace badge
for the kingdom.
The design was stencilled and hand-painted using
Jacquard "Neopaque" acrylic fabric paints.
There are two coats of paint on all elements,
but the red dye is so energetic that
most of the white paint turned a little pink.
Here's a 15-foot long banner for Aethelmearc,
in the form of a jinmaku Japanese camp curtain.
The fabric is just cotton/poly broadcloth,
and the lettering is Jacquard Neopaque.
I had to cut and serge all those stripes together
to get the circus tent effect.
The lettering was more-or-less freehanded first in chalk,
then completed in paint.
Barony Marche of the Debatable Lands Populace
Our local barony had a baronial birthday party, with an Arts and Sciences competition, so I decided to make a baronial hata-jirushi banner in the same style as my baronial kataginu, and display it on the hatadai banner stand.
Banner is black linen, cut and edged to simulate traditional
Japanese fabric width, and hand painted with BMDL populace badge in
modern fabric paint.
This pennon style banner is about five feet long,
painted with Jacquard "Dye-na-flow" paint on silk broadcloth.
The comet was kept white by pre-painting with a water-based resist.
The outlines were done with a black gutta resist,
then the field and border were colored with paint.
This was on display in Aethelmearc's camp at the
SCA 50-Year celebration.
Clan Yama Kaminari
The first two are white acrylic paint on red linen/rayon to make a couple of hata-jirushi vertical banners for decorative purposes. Both display the personal mon of Sir Ogami Akira, which also is used as the mon for Clan Yama Kaminari.
The third was a test to see if water-based resist couldbe used to mask
off the mon area of a banner to keep it white while the rest of the
fabric was painted red. It worked OK, though not amazingly well. I turned
the fabric into a sashimono banner like the kind that is worn on
the back of armor. The tabs are just ribbon that is sewn in place, then
secured with snaps. Yes, regular metal snaps. They have to be a little
offset because where the tabs are sewn on is too thick for the snaps to
One Knight Inne Household subordinate to Clan Yama Kaminari
Clan Yama Kaminari is organized as a clan of clans,
and the household that I am in, One Knight Inne, is within CYK.
This hata-jirushi banner was made of the same linen-rayon blenc
as the Clan banners, but I added the household badge beneath the
clan mon. I painted the blue lozenge-shaped field first, then
painted the white chevron and chess knight on top of that. There is
still a bit of bleed-through from the red fabric, making the white
charges a little pink.
One Knight Inne Household
What good is a banner stand without a banner? I made this banner so that I'd have something to display, and so that our SCA household, "One Knight Inne", would have its own banner. This banner is designed to imitate a Japanese "hata-jirushi" style banner.
The fabric is some leftover navy blue linen I had around,
and I made a stencil to guide the application of some white
fabric paint to match our household's registered badge.
The paint didn't come out perfect, but it's OK.
I should really learn how to do screen printing.
Banners for Positions
Royal Heirs to the Kingdom of Aethelmearc
Her excellency Hildarun Hugelman mentioned to me that dspite all of
the regalia our Kingdom of Aethelmearc has for the King and Queen, there
was really nothing for the Prince and Princess to display besides their
coronets. These seemed like a a fairly simple omission to rememdy, so I
made a couple banners for the heirs. These are acrylic paint on red
linen. The white "label" above the escarbuncle and laurel wreath makes
this for the heirs instead of for the King and Queen. These started
seeing use almost immediately, and I am very proud of them. I think the
painting turned out really neatly. I made a few paper stencils to chalk
in the shapes, then did all the painting by hand.
Baron and Baroness of the Debatable Lands
The Barony has a really excellent banner, but it's huge.
For times when there isn't enough room to be impressive,
I made this narrow hata-jirushi
using acrylic fabric paint on black linen.
It was kind of tiring to do this much emabattling,
but after some discussions with friends it seemed like
it would make the nicest banner.
I masked off the embattling with tape,
then painted it by hand.
The comet and wreath had to be made a little smaller to fit inside,
but they are still mostly visible.
I decided to embark on a long term project to make a banner for
every Baronial office and official position in the Barony.
This was not the first one I made,
but the Seneschal is the lead officer and chair of officer meetings,
so it's at the top of this list.
I don't have this on hand, but I think I painted a black disc,
and then painted the rest of the populace badge on top of that.
Then, I painted the Seneschal's key beneath in metallic fabric
paint. This is real linen, I think.
I decided to extend the "chequey" part of this badge
all the way from the populace badge down to the bottom hem,
which was a lot of painting, but looks good, I think.
This is all acrylic paint on blue linen.
Since I'd already made the stencil for the key,
making this banner was a little simpler.
I just had to rotate the key 90 degrees.
This green linen is thinner,
so the black background of the populace badge
is painted using Dye-na-flow instead of acrylic.
This makes the banner a little more flexible and flowy.
BMDL Minister of Arts and Sciences
This was the first officerial banner I made, because I was this minister at the time. When I became A&S minister, the only regalia for the office was a small medallion. This banner enables the minister to announce their presence, and the location of A&S activities at practices and events.
The only real artistic choice I made here was to make the candle
flame gold instead of just white. I painted some subtle yellow
highlights on the inside of the arch, too.
BMDL Web Minister
After I was A&S minister, I became webminister.
When I was a teen, I loved drawing little spiders,
so drawing the big spider for this banner was retro-fun for me.
I treated a piece of white linen with No-Flow,
then painted on all of the designs in Dye-na-flow.
I'm not entirely sure why,
but I had a hard time getting the paint to fix to the fabric,
which yielded this unintentional "antiqued" look.
I actually had to paint this banner twice because too much of the paint
washed out the first time.
I do like how the spider came out, though.
This one is shown mounted in my PVC modular silk stretching frame.
The fabric is silk twill, and the colors are all Dye-na-flow paints.
I tried to use "No Flow" to avoid the heavy gutta outlines,
but for some reason the No Flow sizing interfered too much with the
setting of the paint, and most of the color washed out.
I followed the ghostly design with black gutta,
and repainted, which yielded good results.
BMDL Comet Pursuivant
Continuing with my long term project to make banners for
all of the Baronial officers, here is the banner for our chief herald.
The arms of the office of the herald are gold Neopaque,
with outlines and details in black Neopaque.
The populace badge is white and yellow Neopaque,
with the black filled in using Dye-na-flow.
The fabric is a lightweight green linen.
I bought a new brush just before starting work on this,
a mid-size round brush with a pointy tip.
I was so happy with it!
Banners for Individuals
Sir Maghnus Cnoic n'An Iora
Sir Maghnus is the head of our household,
so I decided to tackle his difficult arms as a banner.
Yes, painting that repeating pattern (called "vair") by hand was a pain,
but I figured it was easier to just do it
than to figure out some clever way of avoiding that work
by doing some other kind of work.
Sir Thomas Byron of Haverford
When one of the people in the One Knight Inne household
'was being knighted, I decided to make this personal banner
for him as a gift. His lady wife made him a huge, beautiful,
sewn banner. Hers is much more impressive, but this one is
a little more portable.
Sir Ariella of Thornbury
After making a banner for her husband when he was knighted,
how could I not make one for Ariella to celebrate her elevation?
I used a slightly different technique for this one,
starting with a yellow linen instead of white.
That meant that half of the "gyrony" part was already done.
I used green Dye-na-flow one top of the yellow fabric for the rest.
At first I thought I might want to use blue,
but green was better in my tests.
The "vair" chief was painted using white and black Neopaque in my usual style.
Mistress Honnoria of Thescorre
This banner is more of a flag than a banner,
and it was made for Mistress Honnoria because she asked me to.
Plus, she's going to make something ceramic for me.
The banner is "Dye-na-flow" paint on silk broadcloth,
with a black gutta resist for the outlines.
Ishiyama Gen'tarou Yori'ie
The fabric is shibori-dyed twice,
once in golden yellow and once in black.
The hexagonal pattern in black didn't come out exactly how I was hoping,
but it's interesting nevertheless.
This banner is a little wider than the others,
but I couldn't bring myself to cut it down or hem it.
The bunny head is hand-painted,
in my usual style.
This banner is my favorite personal banner so far.
This is one you want to zoom in on.
I treated the silk fabric with a sizing agent called "No Flow",
then used Dye-na-flow paint as ink to copy rabbit illustrations
from the period emaki scroll know as the Choju Giga.
The illustrations are just about all of the bunnies found in the scroll,
though some have been combined to include more bunnies and fewer others.
My badge at the top is also Dye-na-flow.
The sizing keeps the paint from wicking along the fibers and
enables the clean lines of the illustrations.
Please view other areas of Ishiyama's SCA pages.